Design for controlled environment agriculture inside an Australian maximum-security prison: A research framework
Shelden Vaughan, Mariano Ramirez and Christian Tietz
This paper presents the framework for an early-stage PhD research project that aims to define and test the design requirements and the related feasibility of a Controlled Environment Agriculture (CEA) system concept within a maximum-security correctional center in Australia. The research seeks to develop new knowledge within the emerging field of CEA, drawing on the current understanding in the research literature and practice. Taking CEA technologies within the prison context creates new design challenges and opportunities that may lead to valuable knowledge relevant both within and outside prison systems. Situated within the industrial design discipline, the research and design process for developing the CEA system concept is an iterative, emergent process. The broad area in which this study is situated is in the field of CEA which can take the form of a vertical farm, where produce is grown vertically in warehouse-type shelves or on vertical panels. The unique aspect of this research lies in the application of a bottom-up consultative co-design process involving both prison administrators and inmate stakeholders. This project will contribute significant new knowledge using action research aimed at developing implementation guidelines for a CEA ecosystem that would supply fresh vegetables to inmates. Outside community groups may also benefit from this research.
 Human-Centered Design for Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene: Insights from Jakarta
Pierre Yohanes Lubis, Bahareh Shahri and Mariano Ramirez
This paper aims to investigate how human-centered design (HCD), combined with participatory design methods, can address complex problems in communities such as the slums in Jakarta, Indonesia. Literature review points out that even though it embraces a participatory approach and employs some participatory methods, HCD is not purely participatory. This is because HCD allows designers (and researchers) a certain degree of control that would not be accommodated within a pure participatory approach. After establishing proper reasonings for choosing the HCD methodology, the methods of Card Sort, Solution Card, and In-depth Interviews were utilized to investigate the problems of the people living in slums in Jakarta, especially in the field of WASH: water, sanitation, and hygiene. Insights gathered suggest that most of the issues are closely related to low income and the lack of proper infrastructure in the community. Utilizing the methodology of HCD as well as encouraging participatory engagement in a context with such complex issues was proven to be essential in understanding the problems at hand and informing the creation of suitable solutions.